Nine Gems in Bhagavad Gita

Hare Srinivasa,

In the earlier post on Gita, we had a look at the Gita Mahatmyam. Here are some Quotable Quotes from great scholars on the Gita:

  • It is the quint essence of Mahabharatha.
  • Its enduring value is not only for Indians but for all mankind.
  • The Gita is not a mere revered book of the Hindus, but is also a book of Universal Wisdom. The Gita is the most beautiful and perhaps the only true philosphical song existing in any known language of the world. It must be the most profound and sublime thing to be found in the whole world. Certainly, the entire mankind should ever be grateful to the Lord for having given this most holy, sacred, rational, logical, unique and extrardinary scripture namely, the Bhagavad Gita.

In this post the focus in on the 15th Adhyaya of Gita, namely the Purushothama Yoga. Since the supreme Lord is above Kshara and Akshara, He is known as Purushothama. The fifteenth chapter sings the glories of the Paramatma, and illustrates all the nine tenets that form the backbone of Madhwa Siddhanta. Sri Madhwa Siddhanta is in tune with the song of Geetacharya. So madhwa Siddhanta is Krishna Siddhanta, Madhwa matha is Krishna matha. The five slokas of Purana Purushothama Yoga, 15th Adhyaya (shlokas 16 – 20)forms the heart of Bhagavad Gita. The entire vedantic philosophy, the result of the benefit are condensed in these 5 slokas.

If one recites these five slokas, he would get punya, as though he has recited the 20 slokas of that Adhyaya, as though in turn having recited the 700 verses of Bhagavad Gita, as though in turn having recited 1,00,000 Granthas of Mahabharatha.

These five slokas only tell about the “Nine Gems” of Dvaita School, which is shown here in a brief way.

Please find below the text from the 15th Chapter.

Please click below to listen to these sacred slokas:

These slokas cover the entire Vedanta in a Nut shell. The Nine Gems of Dvaita Sastra are conained in these slokas.

1) Hari is Supreme –

In the verse 18, it is stated that Paramatma is far superior to Chaturmukha Brahma and others, who have thier bodies subject to destruction. He is far above and Uttama to Lakshmi who never had perishable body.

2) World is Real –

In the verse 17, it is aid that he enters into the three worlds. If the worlds are false, how can He enter inside.

3) Hari is Supreme –

(i) Difference between Jadas: In the verse 17, it was stated as three worlds and so there is difference between Jadas.

(ii) Difference between Jada and Jiva :     In the verse 17, since Sri Krishna states that He has entered inside the worlds,

there is difference between Chetana and Jada.

(iii) Difference between Jiva and Iswara: In the verse 17, it was stated that Uttama person is a different one. In the

verse 18, it was stated that Sri Krishna has surpassed Mahalakshmi and other Devatas.

(iv) Difference between Jivas: In the verse 16, it was stated that Chetanas are of two kinds.

(vi) Difference between Jiva and Jada: In the verse 16, it was Chetanas – Jivas who have perishable bodies and not

having such bodies.

4)  Groups of Jivas are obedient servants of Sri Hari –

In the verse 17, it was stated tthe He supports all and nourishes them also.

5)  Gradation between Jivas are there  –

In the verse 16, there who have perishable bodies are inferior and such do not have such bodies are superior.

6)  Mukti is the enjoymenet of one’s innate bliss-

In the verse 20, krutakatyasya is stated which means Mukta.

7)  Pure devotion without any blemish is the Sadhana for Moksha –

In the verse 19, it is stated that Sri Krishna says, sarvabhavena bharata.

(8)  Three Anu-Pramanas – Jnana Sadhanas –

In the verse 16, emow by this pratyaksha is proved – perception

In the verse 17, He protects the three worlds, by this by inference. It can be done that He is the most supreme.

In the verse 18, vede loke cha – in the Apoursheya and Authorship Granthas – by these Agamas are metioned.

9)  Hari can be known only by Agamas –

In the verse 19, Sri Krishna says that the devotee who knows like this, has known all sastras. So Agamas are covered and God can be known by Agamas only.

Hence these five slokas are very important and contain the essence of Vedanta Sastras.

Courtesy and Thanks :  Sri T S Ragavendran, CBE (TSR)

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